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11 January 2007

London 1775-1800: L

Exeter Working Papers in British Book Trade History; 0
The London book trades 1775-1800: a preliminary checklist of members. Names L

L'HOMME, L, French bookseller, 93, New Bond Street 1799H-1804P.

LACEY, John, bookbinder, Hollies Street, Clare Market 1794, 2, New Court, Carey Street 1802H-1805H; Little Wild Street, Drury Lane 1817U-1840P; no. 25 1820R-1840P. Trading: as John Lacey 1794-1823R; as E. Lacey 1830R-1838R; as Mrs. E. Lacey 1840P. Howe; Ramsden.

LACKINGTON, ALLEN and Co., booksellers, Finsbury Square 1793-1826P; 4, Pall Mall East 1826P. Trading: as Lackington, Allen and Co. 1793-1812P; as Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor and Jones 1813-22; as Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor and Lepard 1822; as Lackington, Harding and Co. 1825P-1826P. Publ. cats. 1793-99. Premises known as 'Temple of the Muses'. James, then George Lackington qq.v. head of the firm. Succ. by Harding, Triphook and Lepard in Pall Mall East 1827P with Joseph Harding as chief partner after George Lackington retired. A. Kirkman also a partner. The last of the Lackingtonians, Kanes James Ford, d. 11 Dec. 1886 aged 94. Imprint(s): Abbey: 1800: AL331. DNB; Nichols iii, 646; BM Book sales; Brown.

LACKINGTON, George, bookseller, Finsbury Square 1798-1826P; 4, Pall Mall East 1826P; see Lackington, Allen and Co. for full details. B. 1768; d. 31 Mar. 1844, St. John's Wood. 3rd cousin and successor of James Lackington. Entered business aged 13. Father provided capital for purchase of share in firm of Lackington, Allen and Co. of which he became head 1798. Cata. listed 800,000 books 1803. Continued policy of selling cheaply for cash. Acquired Egyptian Hall, Piccadilly. In later years official assignee of bankrupts in London. Joseph Harding succ. him as chief partner. DNB; Plomer.

LACKINGTON, James, bookseller, Featherstone Street 1774; Chiswell Street 1775-97: no. 46 1781-93; nos. 46 and 47 1793L; Finsbury Square 1793-98. Trading: as James Lackington 1774-78; as Lackington and Co. 1779; as James Lackington c1780-92; as Lackington, Allen and Co. 1793-98. B. 31 Aug. 1746, Wallington, Somerset; d. 22 Nov. 1815, Budleigh Salterton, father a journeyman shoemaker but a drunkard. App. to a shoemaker in Taunton he read widely and became a Methodist. Married 1770. To London with 2/6 in pocket 1773. Began life frugally 'often dining on potatoes and quenching our thirst with water.' First wife d. 1775. Success began to grow. Partner with John Denis 1779. Adopted policy of selling cheap for cash. Publ. cats. 1779-98. Moved from Chiswell Street to 'Temple of the Muses' with Allen as partner, a vast premises in Finsbury Square destroyed by fire 1841 but shown on trade cards in Heal collection. Motto on first carriage 'small gains do great things'. Profits £5,000 in 1792. Criticised for his extravagance and outspokenness. 2nd wife d. 1795. Able to retire leaving 3rd cousin George Lackington at head of firm 1798. Retired to Gloucestershire and in 1800 to Devon. Became a Methodist preacher. Wrote Memoirs which ran to 8 edits. 1791-94. Also publ. Confessions 1804. DNB; Plomer; Nichols iii, 646; Timperley 862; BM Book sales; Musgrave.

LADLEY, John, stationer, Mount Street, Grosvenor Square 1784-1795B; no. 16 1785B; no. 99 1794B-1795B.

LAIDLER, George, printer, 13, Prince's Street, Soho 1784-1800P. Trading: as George Laidler 1784-1798L; as. Laidler 1799H-1800P. Also ran carpet warehouse. Westminster Poll 1784: F.

LAIDLER, J., printer, see George Laidler.

LAKE and BURTON, pocket book makers, see George Lake.

LAKE, George, pocket book maker, Lincoln's Inn Passage 1799H; 27, Holywell Street 1800P; 21, Cursitor Street 1802H. Trading: as George Lake and Co. 1799H; as Lake and Burton 1800P; as George Lake 1802H.

LAKE, Thomas, printer, Uxbridge 1799. Registered press 1799. William Lake, bookseller and printer at High Street, Uxbridge 1823Pi. Todd.

LAKING, Francis, bookseller and stationer, Curzon Street, Mayfair 1789L-1830P; no. 44 1794B-1803P; nos. 39 and 40 1804P-1805P; no. 48 1802H-1830P. Trading: as Couch and Laking 1789L-1793L; as Francis Laking 1794B-1802H; as Laking and Couch 1803P-1805P; as Francis Laking 1806P-1830P+. See Christopher Couch. Described as coal merchant 1826R.

LAMBERT, J., stationer, Strand 1787. with T. Phillips 1787. Both Bankrupt 13 Oct. 1787, certs. (Lambert) 30 Aug. 1788, (Phillips) 28 Apr. 1789, divs. 15 July 1788, 25 Feb. 1792 final. Prob. the same as John Lambert.

LAMBERT, John, printer, 143, Strand 1793-1810; 1, Great Shire Lane, corner of Lancaster Court 1791-1821; 2, Red Lion Passage, Fleet Street 1799. Prob. the J. Lambert who was bankrupt 1787. Registered presses 1799. Printer of Morning chronicle 1793-1810. Indicted at King's Bench for publ. An address of the Society for Political Information in that paper 25 Dec. 1792, acquitted 9 Dec. 1793. Acquitted in another trial 1810. Timperley 781; Todd; Werkmeister.

LAMBERT, Lewis, stationer, 120, Strand 1780L-1787L. Bankrupt 13 Oct. 1787, cert. 30 Aug. 1788.

LANCASTER, bookseller, 122, Bishopsgate without 1790U.

LANDSEER, John, engraver, 83, Queen Anne Street East 1791-1808; no. 82 1799H; no. 81 1802H; no. 32 1809H; 33, Foley Street, Cavendish Square 1811H-1823; 8, Southampton Street 1848-52. B. 1763 or 1769, Lincoln; d. 29 Feb. 1852, London. App. William Byrne. Line engraver. Vignettes for Macklin's Bible and Bowyer's History of England his first productions. Exhibited Royal Academy 1792-1852, associate engraver 1806. Exhibited Society of Artists 1791. Engraver to King 1798-1820. Lectured at Royal Institution on engraving 1806. Did much to champion status of the art. Critic of John Boydell. Later turned his attention to archaeology. Sons Thomas (1795-1880) engraver, Sir Edwin (1802-73) painter and Charles (1799-1879) painter. DNB; Thieme and Becker; Graves.

LANE, Daniel, card maker, Pannier Alley, Paternoster Row 1784B.

LANE, John, bookbinder, Holiday Yard 1804-09; Warwick Lane 1818; 215, Upper Thames Street 1828Pi. S. of John L. of Gloucester Court, Blackfriars, leather parer. App. John Bonney 5 Feb. 1788, turned over to Benjamin Phillips 9 Apr. 1793, free Sta. Co. 3 Mar. 1795, 1804-18 3 apps. 1 premium £5. Howe; Ramsden.

LANE, John Palmer, vellum binder, Cow Lane, Smithfield 1800. S. of John L. Free Merchant Taylors' Co. patrimony 2 July 1783, his app. George Vernon 5 Mar. 1800.

LANE, William, engraver, 130, Pall Mall 1778-85; 3, Old Bond Street 1787; 59, Poland Street 1789; 10, Hamilton Street, Piccadilly 1798-1802; 16, Hamilton Street 1803-06; 29, Duke Street, St. James's 1807-15. B. 1746; d. 4 Jan. 1819, Hammersmith Road. Began as gem engraver. Produced some copperplate portraits 1788-92, but mainly produced portraits in crayon manner. Exhibited Society of Artists 1777, Royal Academy 1778-89, 1798-1815. DNB; Thieme and Becker; Graves: J. C. Smith 1247.

LANE, William, printer and bookseller and circulating library, 33, Leadenhall Street 1763-1814; 1 and 31, Leadenhall Street 1790; 13, Aldgate High Street 1773-1775N. Trading: as William Lane 1763-1802; as Lane and Newman 1802-03; as Lane, Newman and Co. 1803-09; as Lane, Darling and Co. 1806-13. D. Mar. 1814 aged 76, Brighton. Livery Sta. Co. by 1781. Ran circulating library which had been open nearly 20 years in 1790. Publ. cats. of library 1796-1802. Ran Minerva Press. Publ. many novels and helped in the establishment of many circulating libraries by furnishing provincial proprietors with books. Music imprints, some with Oliver and Boyd of Edinburgh. Registered presses 1799. Retired about 10 years before death in favour of partner A. K. Newman. John Darling a later partner. Bill head and trade card Heal collection. Twice married, no children. Senior captain of one of the regiments of the London militia. City Polls 1781: L, 1784: A. Imprint(s): Kress: 1793: B2598; 1797: B3338, 3489; Abbey: 1793: AL3. Plomer; Timperley 853; Todd; Humphries and Smith; Hamlyn; BM Satires 1793.

LANGFORD, auctioneer and bookseller, Great Piazza, Covent Garden 1748-77. Trading: as Cock and Langford 1748-49; as Abraham Langford 1760-1763M; as Abraham Langford and son 1766; as Messrs. Langford 1773-74. Abraham Langford senior, poet and auctioneer, d. 20 Sept. 1774 aged 63. Successor to C. Cock who publ. cats. 1740-42. Publ. cats. 1749-74. Sold George Vertu's plates and prints 1776-77. Succ. by Barford by 1783. Nichols ii, 254, ix, 799; BM Book sales; Musgrave.

LANGHAM, J., printseller and publisher, St. Bride's Passage, Fleet Street 1781-82; 84, Dorset Street 1782; Great Piazza, Covent Garden 1783; Russell Street, Covent Garden 1784. BM Satires.

LANGHAM, Joseph, print colourer, 3, Plough Court, Fetter Lane 1799H.

LANGLEY, John, bookbinder, 4, Chapter House Court 1803-42. S. of William L. of Spitalfields, weaver; deed. 1843/4. App. John Boys 1 Feb. 1791, free Sta. Co. 6 Mar. 1798, livery 3 May 1803, 1805 1 app. Poss. succ. John Boys. Joined Benefit Soc. aged 29 1806. Howe; Ramsden.

LANGLEY, Jonathan, stationer, Symond's Inn 1792. Livery Saddlers' Co. by 1792.

LANGLEY, William, stationer, Chancery Lane 1792U. Livery Saddlers' Co. by 1792. See also Burton and Langley.

LARGE, Thomas, copperplate printer, 1, Bango's Court, Shoe Lane 1772; 48, Shoe Lane 1776K-1780K; 15, Giltspur Street 1784B-1792U. Trading: alone 1772; as Whittow and Large 1776K-1780K; alone 1784B-1792U. Free and Livery Musicians' Co. 21 Jan. 1772. Partner Benjamin Whittow q.v.

LARK, John, engraver and printer, 9, Bartholomew Lane 1784B-1790U; 15, Tokenhouse Yard 1800P-1834; 2, New Street Hill 1823; 2 Shoe Lane 1820P-1836R+. Trading: as John Lake 1784B-1820R; as James Richardson Lake 1820P-1836R+. J. R. Lake registered press 1823. Todd.

LARKIN, William, bookbinder, 30, St. Andrew's Hill, Blackfriars 1799H; 14 and 15 Little Britain 1805-1822U. Joined Benefit Soc. aged 27 1806. Son Robert joined Benefit Soc. 1823. Howe; Ramsden.

LATHAM, Thomas, stationer, at Mr. Jones's, Temple Bar 1774. Free Musicians' Co. 3 Feb. 1774. Still paying quarterage 1779.

LATTY, William, stationer and newsman, 46, Bell Yard, Temple Bar 1799H-1805H.

LAURIE and WHITTLE, map, chart and printsellers, 53, Fleet Street 1794-1840P+. Trading: as Laurie and Whittle (sometimes Whittle and Laurie) 1794-1812; as Whittle and Laurie 1812-18; as Richard Holmes Laurie 1818-1840P+. Robert Laurie and James Whittle qq.v. Succ. Robert Sayer 1794 or a little earlier. Richard Holmes Laurie succ. on his father's retirement 1812 and on Whittle's death in 1818 carried on business alone. Firm still exists as Imray, Laurie, Norie and Wilson Ltd. They have long specialised in marine charts. Darlington and Howgego; Hannas; BM Satires; J. C. Smith.

LAURIE, Robert, engraver, map and printseller, 48, Gray's Inn Lane 1779; 17, Rosomon's Row, Clerkenwell 1780; 53, Golden Buck, Fleet Street 1794-1812. Trading: alone 1779-80; as Laurie and Whittle 1794-1812. B. c1755, London; d. 19 May 1836 aged 81. Early in career a fine mezzotint engraver. Exhibited Society of Artists, 1770-76. Various premiums from Royal Society of Arts. In partnership with James Whittle succ. Robert Sayer 1794 or a little earlier and gave up engraving. Publ. many atlases and maps 1794-1812. Products used for jigsaws. Retired 1812. Son Richard Holmes Laurie exhibited Royal Academy 1796-1801, succ. father as Whittle's partner 1812 and became sole proprietor on Whittle's death 1818, d. 19 Jan. 1858 aged 81, F'eet Street. DNB; Thieme and Becker; Chubb; Darlington and Howgego; Hannas; J. C. Smith 796-810.

LAURIE, Thomas, bookbinder, 5, New Inn Passage, Clare Market 1790U-1805H. William Laurie at same address 1809H. Howe; Ramsden.

LAVENU, Lewis, music seller and publisher, 23, Duke Street, St. James's c1796-98; 29, New Bond Street 1798-c1805; 26, New Bond Street c1805-11; 28, New Bond Street c 1811-21; 24, Edwards Street, Manchester Square c1821-27; 28, New Bond Street c1827-39. Trading: alone c 1796-1802; as Lavenu and Mitchell c1802-08; alone c1808-18; as Elizabeth Lavenu 1818-28; as Mori and Lavenu c1828-39. D. Aug. 1818. Partner with Charles Mitchell in musical circulating library c1802-08. Elizabeth, Lewis's widow, continued the business marrying Nicholas Mori 1819. When he died 1839 Elizabeth's son Lewis Henry Lavenu continued the business. Humphries and Smith.

LAVOINE, Mark Anthony, stationer and bookseller, 27, Portman Street 1789L-1814P; 6, Northampton Street 1790U. Trading: as Mark Anthony Lavoine 1789L-1812P; as Catherine Lavoine 1813P-1814P.

LAW and WOODWARD, booksellers, 8 Old Cavendish Street, Cavendish Square 1797L-1799L.

LAW, Andrew, engraver, 134, Fetter Lane 1790U. Poss. Law, the gem engraver c1800 noted by Thieme and Becker.

LAW, Bedwell, bookseller, Ave Maria Lane 1756-1765K; 13, Ave Maria Lane 1767K-1795B; 5, Stationer's Court, Ludgate Hill 1795K-1799H. Trading: alone 1756-1790U; as Law and son 1792U-1793L; alone 1794B-1799H. D. 25 May 1798. App. 3 Dec. 1745, free Sta. Co. 6 Feb. 1753, livery 6 Mar. 1753, court 4 Nov. 1783, fined for master 1788. City Polls: 1781: C., 1784: A. Took in advertisements for Canterbury journal 1785P. Music imprints 1757-69. Sons Charles partner and successor and Henry printer in St. John's Square qq.v. Plomer; Nichols iii, 442; Timperley 799; Humphries and Smith; Blagden.

LAW, Charles, bookseller, Ave Maria Lane 1789L-1818P; no. 14 1789L; nos. 13 and 14 1795K-1801P; no. 13 1802H-1815P; nos. 13 and 14 1816P-1818P; 13, Southampton Row 1809H-1811H. Trading: alone I789L-1815P; as Law and Whitaker 1816P-1818P. S. of Bedwell Law q.v., d. 27 Feb. 1827 aged 63, Staple Grove Lodge, near Taunton. Partner with father 1792U-1793L. Succ. father on his death 1798. Retired c 1818. See J. Whitaker. Imprint(s): Kress: 1800: B4200; Abbey: 1800: AL331. Nichols iii, 422; Gent. Mag.

LAW, Henry, printer, Peter's Hill, Doctor's Commons 1792; Badger Yard, St. John's Square 1793L-1815P; 21, Henry Street, Pentonville 1805H; 26, Henry Street 1811H. Trading: as Bye and Law 1793L-1809P; as Law and Gilbert 1810P-1815P. S. of Bedwell L., bookseller q.v. Livery Sta. Co. by 1792. Partner with Deodatus Bye q.v. in premises formerly James Emonson's and late John Rivington's. Firm continued as R. and R. Gilbert. See also Anna Rivington. Nichols iii, 422; Timperley 799; Todd.

LAW, John, bookseller, St. Martin's Churchyard 1763-1785P. Publ. cat. Plomer; Nichols iii,646.

LAW, John, bookseller, Ave Maria Lane 1789; 14, Ivy (?=Ave Maria) Lane 1789A. D. 23 Mar. 1789 aged 28.

LAWLESS, Robin, bookseller, Dean Street, Soho 1806. D. 21 June 1806 aged 82 at his apartments in Dean Street. Assistant of Andrew Millar and later of Cadell and Cadell and Davies. Native of Dublin, and a Catholic. Well read and of good judgement. Once applied to Cadell for a lowering of his wages as the previous year's takings were not so good. Nichols iii, 387.

LAWRENCE and WINCHESTER, stationers, 61, Strand 1780L-1793K. Previously Montague Lawrence, succ. by William Winchester q.v.

LAWRENCE, Montague, stationer, Strand c1770-1779L; Globe, near Durham Yard, Strand c1770; opp. Bedford Street 1779L. Issued trade card, Heal collection c1770. Westminster Poll: 1774: Pe., Cl. Succ. by Lawrence and Winchester q.v. Plomer.

LAWREY, William, copperplate printer and engraver, 15, Swan Street, Minories 1799H.

LAWSON, M., printseller, 168, Strand 1790U.

LAY, E., carver, gilder and printseller, 38 Dean Street, Soho 1790U.

LAYEL, William, printer, Stratford, Essex 1799H-1802H. Poss. connected with Abraham Layett, stationer, Stratford 1809H.

LAYERS, James, stationer and bookseller, 10, corner of Craven Street, Strand 1780K-1781 L.

LEA, Richard, bookseller, Greek Street, Soho 1789L-1811H; no. 31 1809H; 1, Old Compton Street Soho 1805H-1814P. Imprint(s): Kress: 1800: B4208.

LEACROFT, Samuel, bookseller, Globe, Charing Cross 1771-78; Little Smith Street, Westminster 1792. D. 1795. Livery Sta. Co. by 1792. A pupil of Lockyer Davis. Succ. Charles Marsh. Publ. cats. 1773-77. Westminster Poll 1774: Pe., Cl. Bankrupt 1778, cert. 29 Dec. 1778. Plomer; Nichols iii, 646, viii, 463; Timperley 786.

LEAK, William, printseller and publisher, 76, Wood Street 1784. BM Satires.

LEAPIDGE and BAILEY, stationers, see John Leapidge and John Bailey.

LEAPIDGE, John, stationer, under Royal Exchange, Cornhill 1745K-1765K; 89, Royal Exchange, Cornhill 1767K-1792K. Trading: alone 1745K-1755K; as Leapidge and Bailey 1759K-1792K. D. 19 Oct. 1789. Livery Pewterers' Co. by 1792. Continued by John Bailey alone q.v. Musgrave.

LEASON, E., library, Peckham 1799H.

LEATHWAITE, John, newspaper office, book and pamphlet shop, 2, Royal Exchange 1799H-1830P; 3, Royal Exchange 1805H-1830P ; South side, Royal Exchange 1822R; 19, Brunswick Place, City Road 1826R.

LEAVERS, Benjamin, pocket book maker, 2, Chancery Lane 1790U; 18, Charles Street, Hatton Garden 1799H; 28, Charles Street, 1802H-1830R+. Trading: as Benjamin Leavers 1790U-1802H; as Mary Leavers 1805H-1830R+. Descibed as surgeon's instrument case maker 1809H

LE BOUSSONNIER, Philip Francis, 5, Holles Street, Westminster 1799. Registered presses 1799. Todd.

LECUYER, Isaac, engraver and enameller, 23, Castle Street, Wood Street 1790U; 20, Well Street, Cripplegate 1799H-1802H.

LEDGER, Henry, printer, Maze Pond, Southwark 1784B-1798L. S. of Robert L. of Maze Pond buckram stiffener and dyer. App. Henry Baldwin 1773, livery Sta. Co. by 1796. The family were active as buckram stiffeners, glazers and callenders as follows: Robert Ledger, 3, Maze Pond 1771K-1783K; H. and E. Ledger, Maze Pond 1784B-1798L; 3, Lombard Street 1796-1804P. Howe; Todd.

LEE and HURST, booksellers, 32, Paternoster Row 1797L-1799H. Succ. by Thomas Hurst q.v. J. C. Smith 784.

LEE, Citizen, printseller and publisher, at the British tree of liberty, 98, Berwick Street, Soho. Imprint(s): Kress: 1795?: B2985, 3000, 3014, 3070. BM Satires 1793.

LEE, Edward, newsman, Burden Street, Grosvenor Mews 1784. Westminster Poll 1784: F.

LEE, J., bookseller and stationer, 9, Clement's Inn 1790U.

LEE, James, paper hanging manufacturer and stationer, 21, Aldgate without 1789L-1800P.

LEE, John, wood engraver, 68, Hatton Gardens 1799H-1817U. Trading: as John Lee 1799H-1804P; as Joseph Lee 1805H; as R. Lee 1806P-1809H; as J. Lee 1810P-1816P; as A. Lee 1811H; as Rebecca Lee 1817U. D. Mar. 1804. Member of the London school of wood engraving. Engraved cuts for The Cheap Repository tracts 1794-98 and various juvenile books. Registered presses 1800. Son James also wood engraver. The directories are contradictory but also show him as wood engraver at 5, Anderson's Buildings, City Road J. Lee 1818P-1820P and John Lee 1821 P. DNB; Thieme and Becker; Todd.

LEE, John, stationer, 32, Ray Street, Clerkenwell 1799H.

LEES, John, bookseller, Duke Street 1785. Bankrupt 1785.

LEGAT, Francis, engraver, 22, Charles Street, Westminster c1780-90; Sloane Square c1790-97; 11, Camden Town 1796; 21, Pleasant Row, Camden Town 1797-99; 2, Charles Street 1799-1809; 3, Charles Street 1800. B. 1755, Edinburgh; d. 7 Apr. 1809. Taught by Alexander Runciman and Sir Robert Strange. To London c1780. Engraved for Boydell in 1780's and 1790's also for Bell's British theatre. Historical engraver to Prince of Wales. Attempts to publ. engravings himself failed and threw him into a mental depression. After his death his debts were paid by a friend and his unfinished plates were acquired by Boydell. Exhibited Royal Academy 1796, 1800. Imprint(s): Abbey: 1789: ALl99. DNB; Thieme and Becker; Graves.

LEGRIX, Francis, engraver, 33, Long Acre 1796-1822R; 40, Long Acre 1823P. Westminster Poll 1796: F., T. Described as refiner 1809H+.

LEIGH, bookseller, Greek Street 1791. Wife d. Nov. 1791. Musgrave.

LEIGH and SOTHEBY, booksellers and auctioneers, see George Leigh and John Sotheby.

LEIGH, George, bookseller and auctioneer, York Street, Covent Garden 1767-78; 9, York Street 1778-1804; 145, Strand 1804-16. Trading: as Baker and Leigh 1767-78; as Leigh and Sotheby 1778-1800; as Leigh, Sotheby and son 1800-04; as Leigh and Sotheby 1804-16. D. 1815. Issued cats. with Samuel Baker senior q.v. 1767-78 and with Sothebys father and son 1778-1816. Dibdin says he was notable for his snuff box 'When a high-priced book is balancing between 15 and 20 L. it is a fearful signal of its reaching an additional sum if Mr. Leigh should lay down his hammer and delve into this said crumple-horn-shaped snuff box.' Received subscriptions for works of Purcell and others issued by Benjamin Goodison. Sold John Wilkes' library 1802. See also Sotheby. Samuel Leigh bookseller at 18, Strand 1812P-1830P. Imprint(s): Abbey: 1795?: AT185; 1797: AS143; 1800: AL331. Plomer; Nichols iii, 161-62, 629-31, 646, ix, 755; Humphries and Smith.

LEIGHTON, Archibald, bookbinder, Coldbath Square, Clerkenwell 1764-1805H; Cock Court, St. Martin's 1784; 15, Coldbath Square 1817U-1821R. Trading: as Archibald Leighton 1764-94; as Leighton and son 1802H-1813; as Archibald Leighton 1817U-1821R; as Leighton and son 1820R. Westminster Poll 1784: H., W. Succ. by his widow first with George then with Archibald. Sons George, John and Archibald all bookbinders. Howe; Ramsden.

LEIGHTON, George, bookbinder, Coldbath Square 1794; 11, Vineyard Gardens 1817J-1840; 4, Ashby Street Northampton Square 1840-83. Trading: as George Leighton 1794-1817J; as George Leighton and son 1820R-1834; as Archibald Leighton 1835-1843R+. S. of Archibald L., bookbinder q.v. Continued business with mother after death of father, later founding a separate concern in Vineyard Gardens which lasted until 1883. Howe; Ramsden.

LEISTER, George, pocket book maker, Old Bailey 1779. Bankrupt, cert. 18 Dec. 1779.

LEMOINE, Henry, bookseller, Little Minories 1777-80; Bishopsgate Churchyard 1780-95; Parliament Street c1807. B. 14 Jan. 1756 s. of Henry L., Huguenot Spitalfields; d. 30 Apr. 1812. Free Leathersellers' (Co. redemption 8 Oct. 1788. App. to a stationer and rag merchant, Lamb Street, Spitalfields 1770. With Chatterton, baker and bookseller 1773. French master at boarding school in Vauxhall. On coming of age inherited property from an aunt and opened a book and patent medicine stall 1777. Met with other literati in George Lackington's house. Started Conjuror's Magazine 1792. Engaged in copperplate printing business but ran into debt and had to give up stall 1795. Became an itinerant bookseller, did much compilation of tracts and translation from French and German for booksellers. Publ. Typographical Antiquities 1797. Contributed literary works to Gentleman's Magazine and other periodicals. DNB; Nichols iii, 727-28; Timperley 847-48.

LENCH, John, letter founder, 19, Compton Street, Goswell Street 1799H; 8, Castle Street, City Road 1799H-1832P. Trading: as John Lench 1799H-1823Pi; as J. Lench 1824P-1832P; as Jonathan Lench 1826R. Related to David Lench, letter founder, 27, Leonard Street, Shoreditch 1822R.

LENEY, William Satchwell, engraver, 16, Queen Street, Westminster 1805H. B. 16 Jan. 1769, London; d. 26 Nov. 1831, near Montreal. App. Peltro William Tomkins. Engraved in line and stipple manner for London publishers 1791+. Engr. for Boydell's Shakspeare. To America c 1806 where engr. various portraits. Partner with William Rollinson in engraving banknotes 1812. DNB; Thieme and Becker.

LEPARD, John Pelly, stationer, rag merchant and paper maker, 26, Newgate Street 1784B-1788K, 91, Newgate Street 1789L-1794L. Livery Sta. (:o. by 1792 Partner with William Lepard q.v.

LEPARD, SMITH and LEPARD, stationers etc., see William Lepard.

LEPARD, William, stationer, rag merchant and paper maker, Hand and Bible, Battle Bridge 1758; Tooley Street 1760C-1763M; 2nd house from Bridge foot Tooley Street 1766; 61, Upper Thames Street 1768C-1775N; 26, Newgate Street 1776K-1799H; 91, Newgate Street 1792K-1795K; 103, Shoe Lane 1797L-1798K. Trading: as William Lepard 1758-1783K; as William and J. P. Lepard 1784B-1788K; as William Lepard 1789L-1791L; as Lepard, Smith and Lepard 1792K-1794L; as Smith and Lepard 1794B-1798K; as William Lepard 1797L-1799H. Livery Joiners' Co. by 1792. Publ. works of Horsleydown preacher John Gill 1758-66. William Lepard Esq. listed at 58, Bartholomew Close 1802H. Plomer; J. C. Smith 1619.

LEPETIT, J., copperplate printer, 22, Suffolk Street, Middlesex Hospital 1799H.

LERPINIERE, Daniel, engraver, Vauxhall Road 1773-78; Walcot Place, Lambeth 1779-85. B. c1745, England; d. 1785, Walcot Place. Pupil of Francis Vivares. Employed exclusively by Boydells for whom he engr. fine plates 1776-85. Exhibited Free Society 1773-83. DNB; Thieme and Becker; Musgrave.

LESTER, James, copperplate printer, Christ Church, Newgate Street 1789; Dean's Court, St. Martin le Grand 1790U. Decd. by 1798 when Charles Midwinter free. Prob. free Merchant Taylors' Co., his app. Charles Midwinter 5 Mar. 1789.

LE TAILLEUR, Michael, stationer and bookseller, 30, Brown's Lane, Spitalfields 1786K-1794B.

LETEXIER, Anthony, bookseller, Lisle Street, Leicester Square 1797. Bankrupt 8 Apr. 1797, cert. 8 Aug. 1797.

LETTERMAN, bookseller and stationer, see Benjamin Crosby.

LETTS, John, bookseller, printer and stationer, see Russell and Letts.

LEVENTHORPE, stationer, see Jones and Leventhorpe.

LEVERS, James, stationer, Strand 1781. Bankrupt 1781, cert. 23 Nov.1782.

LEVERSUCH, William, engraver, 8, Bridgewater Square 1799H-1809H. Trading: alone 1799H-1805H; as W. and J. Leversuch 1809H.

LEVI, David, Green Street, Mile End New Town 1800. Registered press 1800. Todd.

LEWER, James, musical instrument maker, music printer and publisher, facing New Broad Street, Moorfields c1760-74. Died 1774. Succ. John Tyther. Longman, Lukey and Broderip purchased some of his stock c1775. Humphries and Smith.

LEWIN, William, printseller, 40, Fenchurch Street 1785B.

LEWIS, HOUSTON and HYDE, music sellers, 45, High Holborn 1795-97. Succ. John Bland. Business with 12,000 engraved plates purchased by Francis Linley Mar. 1797. Hyde poss. Iater in partnership as Clementi, Banger, Hyde, Collard and Davis. Publ. cat. c1796. Humphries and Smith.

LEWIS, J., circulating library, Charles Street, near Parliament Square, Westminster 1775. Hamlyn.

LEWIS, John, bookbinder, Phoenix Court, Newgate Street 1776. S. of David L. of Coleman Street, labourer. App. John Godson Aylward, free Barbers' Co. 2 Apr. 1776.

LEWIS, John, bookbinder, James Street, Oxford Street 1794; 16, Leicester Street, Warwick Street 1811H; Leicester Street, Swallow Street 1820; 1, Buckingham Place, Fitzroy Square 1829-40. Howe; Ramsden.

LEWIS, John, bookbinder, Chelsea 1783. D. 1783. A friend of the literary men of the day. He would dine every Sunday with Smollett and is possibly the original of Strap in Rodenck Random. Son William, bookbinder. Howe; Nichols iii, 465.

LEWIS, John, printer, 5, Sherborne Lane, Lombard Street 1785P. D. 19 Jan. 1784. Poss. the same as the Lewis, printer, in Birchin Lane, Cornhill 1763M. Howe; Todd; Musgrave.

LEWIS, John, bookseller, Piccadilly 1784. Westminster Poll 1784: F.

LEWIS, M., printer and publisher, 1 Paternoster Row 175676. Printer to the Moravians. Plomer.

LEWIS, Richard, stationer, Lothbury 1779L-1781 L; Lothbury 1782K-1785L.

LEWIS, Thomas, vellum binder, White Lyon Court, Birchin Lane 1776-83. App. Isaac Hellier, free Merchant Taylors' Co. 7 Feb. 1770, apps. John Davis 4 Sept. 1776, Joseph Taylor 4 Feb. 1778, William Bennett 3 Mar. 1779, William Moore 2 Apr. 1783.

LEWIS, Thomas, bookseller, Great Russell Street, Covent Garden c1750-84; 16, Great Russell Street 1785B-1802H. D. 7 Aug. 1802. Issued cats. One of the oldest booksellers in London, his father William Lewis was at school with Alexander Pope. Publ. Midnight Rambkr 1772. Imprint(s): Kress: 1775 A7096. Plomer; Nichols iii, 646; Timperley 812.

LEWIS, William, printseller and frame maker, Great Newport Street 1786-1799H; no. 15 1786-87. BM Satires 1786-87.

LEWIS, William, stationer, 58, Queen Street 1799H.

LEWIS, William, bookbinder, stationer, leatherseller and importer, Silver Street, Golden Square 1794-1799H; 30, Great Pulteney Street 1800-1826P; Bridle Lane, Golden Square 1806; 31, Golden Square 1817U. Trading: alone 1794-1813; as Lewis and Sprigg 1811H-1826P; as William Lewis 1826R. S. of John Lewis, bookbinder q.v. Secretary of Master Bookbinder's Assoc. 1806. Importers of Russian hides 1811H. Not the same as the William Lewis, printer, 2, Paternoster Row listed by Todd. Howe; Ramsden.

LEYKAUFF, William, engraver, Bell's Buildings, Chancery Lane 1790U; 3, Lisle Street, Leicester Square 1802H-1819R; 4, Lisle Street 1820R-1830R+.

LIART, Matthew, engraver, Compton Street, Soho 1766-c1782. B. 1736, Compton street; d. c1782 Compton Street, bur. Paddington. App. S. F. Ravenet. Huguenot family. Premium Society of Arts 1764. Studied Royal Academy. Employed by Boydells. Exhibited Society of Artists 1766-77. DNB; Thieme and Becker.

LIDDLEY, James, stationer, 6, Fetter Lane, Holborn 1799H.

LIGHTLY and ATKINSON, wholesale stationers, 178, Upper Thames Street 1799H-1811H+. Trading: as Lightly and Atkinson 1799H-1801 P; as John Lightly 1802H-1811H+. Described as paper and rag warehouse 1800P. John Lightly and John Thompson bankrupt 14 May 1803, divs. 28 Jan. 1804, 9 July 1805. Described as coal merchant 1811H+.

LIGHTLY, John, wholesale stationer, see Lightly and Atkinson.

LIMAN, Andrew, bookbinder, 18, Whitel Street 1796. Westminster Poll 1796: T.

LINDSAY, Alexander, bookseller and stationer, Clare Court, Drury Lane 1773. Bankrupt May 1773, cert. 21 Nov. 1775.

LINDSAY, Alexander, bookbinder, 3, Little Shire Lane, Temple Bar 1785P-1805H; Ship Yard, Temple Bar 1794. Howe; Ramsden.

LINDSELL and Co., booksellers and stationers, 8 Wigmore Street, Cavendish Square 1794K-1826R; 87 Wimpole Street, Cavendish Square 1799H-1830P Trading: as Lindsell and Co. 1794K-1801P; as William Lindsell 1802H-1826P; as Lindsell and son 1826R; as Henry Lindsell 1827P-1830P+. See also John Kerby.

LINGHAM, circulating library, 3, Sloane Street, Knightsbridge 1800. Hamlyn.

LINLEY, Francis, music seller and publisher, 45, High Holborn 1797L-1798. B. 1774, Doncaster; d. 1800, Doncaster. Also composer. Blind from birth. Some time music agent for John Watlen of Edinburgh at 42, Penton Street, Pentonville. Organist at St. James Chapel, Pentonville. He added publications to the collections commenced by John Bland. Purchased stock of Lewis, Houston and Hyde q.v. 1797. Bankrupt 4 Feb. 1797, cert. 29 Oct. 1799, divs. 27 Nov. 1798, 8 Nov. 1800. To America c1798-99. Succ. by William Hodsoll. DNB; Thieme and Becker.

LINN, J., printseller and publisher, Ludgate Street 1784. BM Satires.

LION, P., print publisher, Goodge Street, 26, Oxford Road 1779. J. C. Smith 1731.

LIPEROTE, S., engraver, 6, Royal Hospital Row, Chelsea 1799H.

LISTER, George, bookseller, pocket book maker and bookbinder, Old Bailey 1775-1789A; no. 46 1785P-1789A; Kirby Street, Hatton Garden 1794. Son Charles L. app. R. Butters, printer 1786. Bankrupt 1775. Lister, printer, Old Bailey d. 13 Nov. 1787. Howe; Ramsden; BM Satires 1784; Musgrave.

LITSTER, George, wholesale stationer, paper warehouse and rag merchant, 128, Upper Thames Street 1794B-1807P; 176, Upper Thames Street 1808P-1827P. Trading: alone 1794B-1807P; as Litster and Phipps 1808P-1816P; as Litster, Phipps and Co. 1817U-1827P.

LIVESAY, Richard, painter, engraver and printseller, at Mr. Spilsbury's, Tavistock Street 1776; at Mrs. Hogarth's, Leicester Fields 1777-83; 14, Leicester Fields 1785; Newman Street 1787-89; Windsor 1790-93; Portsea 1796-1804; 134, Leadenhall Street 1812 Winchester 1821. D. c 1823, Southsea. Pupil of Benjamin West. Exhibited Royal Academy 1776-1821. Copied drawings by Hogarth for his widow. To Windsor where he taught the royal family c1790. To Portsea as drawing master to the Royal Naval College 1796. Imprint(s): Abbey: 1782: AL307. DNB; Thieme and Becker; Graves; BM Satires 1782.

LLEWELLYN, John, playing card maker, Piccadilly 1777K-1779K; 25, Piccadilly 1780K-1785P.

LLOYD and BETHAM, stationers, Cavendish Street, Portman Square 1797K-1801P.

LLOYD, Edmund, bookseller and stationer, Harley Street 1799H-1843; no. 24 1799H-1809H; no. 23 1810P-1820P; no. 50 1821P-1827P; no. 57 1828P-1830P ; corner of Harley Street and New Cavendish Street 1811H. Trading: as Edmund Lloyd 1799H-1819P; as B. E. Lloyd and son 1820P-1824P; as E. Lloyd and son 1825P-1830P+. Described as a fashionable lounging place, Picture of London 1802. Imprint(s): Kress: 1798 (E. Lloyd and son) B3689; Abbey: 1800: (E. Lloyd) AL331.

LOCKE, James, law stationer, 5, Inner Temple Lane 1799H-1802H; 18, Southampton Buildings, Chancery Lane 1805H-1809H.

LOCKE, William, publisher, 283, Strand 1791-92. Publ. Observer 1791 -92.

LOCKE, William, bookseller, 12, Red Lion Street, Holborn 1792-93. Bankrupt 16 Nov. 1793, cert. 10 May 1797, div. 27 June 1795. Musical imprints 1792. Humphries and Smith.

LOCKINGTON, John, engraver and printseller, Shug Lane, Golden Square 1776-77; Saville Passage, (Conduit Street 1784-1790U. J. C. Smith 728; BM Satires 177fifsfi.

LOCKYER, Samuel, vellum binder and stationer, Fenchurch Street 1792; Church Street, Little Minories 1796; Houndsditch 1800; 154, Houndsditch 1802H. S. of Samuel L. of Minories, gent. App. William Walker, vellum binder 4 Mar. 1783, free Sta. (Co. I Feb. 1791, livery by 1796, 1792-1800 4 apps. 2 premiums. Howe; Ramsden.

LODGE, John, engraver, St. Andrew, Holborn 1777; St. Clement Danes 1785; Mount Pleasant 1792; Charlotte Street, Bloomsbury 1796. D. 4 Apr. 1796. App. Thomas Jefferys, free Merchant Taylors' Co. I Feb. 1764, livery 29 Oct. 1773, apps. William Skelton 2 July 1777, son John 12 Apr. 1785. Active c1754-94. Engraved maps for Gentleman's magazine 1754-72 and Political magazine 1780-90 as well as for many other works. Also engraved portraits and one satirical print. Thieme and Becker; Chubb.

LOGAN, Charles, bookseller, 71, Chancery Lane c 1797-1801 P. Music imprint c 1797. Humphries and Smith.

LOGOGRAPHIC PRESS, Printing House Square, Blackfriars 1784-92. Run by John Walter q.v., using the developments of Henry Johnson q.v. The Times was printed logographically until 1792 when the method was abandoned. Imprint(s): The following imprints use this style: Kress: 1785: B809, 919; 1787-89; B1150; 1787: B1297; 1788: B1469; 1789: B1567, 1619-20; Abbey: 1790: AT594.

LONDON LIBRARY, proprietary library, 10, Ludgate Street 1785; 11, Crane Court 1789; 5, Ludgate Street 1791; 108, Hatton Garden 1801. Founded 1785. Publ. cats. 1786, 1791. Poss. amalgamated with the Westminster Library q.v. c1812/3. A copy of the 1791 catalogue is in Guildhall Library. Paul Kaufman: Libraries and Their Users, 1969. pp. 17-27.

LONG, Henry, bookseller and stationer, 49, corner of Sackville Street, Piccadilly 1793L-1795K.

LONG, Joshua, engraver and printer, Clement's Lane, Clare Market 1785P-1809H; no. 17 1799-1805H; 17, Portugal Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields 1799H; 38, Long Acre 1799. Trading: alone 1785P-1805H; as Long and Co. 1809H. Registered presses 1799. Also described as copperplate worker 1790U. Todd.

LONGMAN and BRODERIP, music sellers etc., see Longman, Lukey and Co.

LONGMAN and REES, booksellers, see Thomas Longman.

LONGMAN, CLEMENTI and Co., music sellers etc., see Longman, Lukey and (Co.

LONGMAN, George, wholesale stationer, 39, Ludgate Street 1799H-1811H; 65, Old Bailey 1811H-1830R+. Trading: as George Longman 1799H-1805H; as Longman and Dickinson 1806P-1827P: as John Dickinson 1828P-1830R+. Son of Thomas L. q.v. MP for Maidstone. Fined for sheriff 1813. Brother Thomas Norton L. Nichols vi, 439, ix, 706.

LONGMAN, James, music seller etc., see Longman, Lukey and Co.

LONGMAN, John, music seller etc., see Longman, Lukey and Co.

LONGMAN, LUKEY and BRODERIP, music sellers etc., see Longman, Lukey and Co.

LONGMAN, LUKEY and Co., music sellers, publishers, printers and engravers and musical instrument makers, 26, Harp and Crown, Cheapside c1767-1801, 45, St. Paul's Churchyard 1771-72; 13, Apollo, Haymarket 1782-1795K; Tottenham Court Road 1791L-1798; 131, Cheapside c1801-22. Trading: as James Longman and Co. c1767-69; as Longman, Lukey and Co. 1769-75; as Longman, Lukey and Broderip 1775-76; as Longman and Broderip 1776-1798K; as John Longman, Clementi and Co., 1798-c1801; as John Longman and Co. c1801-16; as Longman and Herron c1816-22. Premises rebuilt 1771-72. Acquired some of stock and plates of John Johnston c1778. Opened new magazine and circulating library on a new extensive plan 1783. Opened shops at Margate and Brighton for the season 1789. Bankrupt 1798. Francis Broderip went into partnership with C. Wilkinson and John Longman with Muzio (Clement). Partnership dissolved c1801 when Clementi entered partnership with Banger, Hyde, Collard and Davies at 26, Cheapside and Tottenham Court Road John Longman continuing business alone at a new address. Succ. by Giles Longman and James Herron c1816. Publ. cats. c1775-c1810. Humphries and Smith; Hamlyn.

LONGMAN, Thomas II, bookseller, 39, Ship and Black Swan, Paternoster Row 1726-1850P; 38, Paternoster Row 1811H-1842 ; 38-41, Paternoster Row 1817U. Trading: as Thomas Longman sen. 1726-54; as Thomas and Thomas Longman 1754-55; as Thomas Longman jun. 1755-92; as Thomas Longman and son 1790U; as Thomas Norton Longman 1792-99, as Longman and Rees 1800-04; as Longman, Hurst, Rees and Orme 1805-10; as Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown 1811-23; as Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green 1824-26; as Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green 1827-37; as Longman, Orme, Brown, Green and Longmans 1838-41; as Longman Brown, Green and Longmans 1842-1850P+. B. 1731; d. 5 Feb. 1797, Hampstead. App. uncle Thomas Longman I 11 June 1745, free and livery Sta. Co. 7 July 1752, court 7 Apr. 1778, fined for master 1786. Partner to uncle and his successor on his death 1755. Extensive wholesale dealer in books 1763M. Extended business relations with American colonies. Promoted Chambers's Cyclopaedia in enlarged edition. Member of Shakspeare Dining Club. City Polls, 1781: C., 1784: A. Succ. by son 'of both his names'. Retired to Hampstead by 1796. Sons Thomas Norton, George qq.v. Imprint(s): Kress: 1776: A7235; 1792: B2251, 2258-59. Plomer; Todd; Nichols vi, 439; Timperley 793; Blagden.

LONGMAN, Thomas Norton, bookseller, 39 Paternoster Row 1792-1842; 38, Paternoster Row 1811H-1842. B. 1771, s. of Thomas L. II; d. 29 Aug. 1842, Hampstead. Livery Sta. Co. by 1796. Became head of firm as father gradually withdrew c1792. Owen Rees partner 1794. One of largest publishers in London 1800. Acquired many valuable copyrights and businesses in London and provinces including that of Joseph Cottle of Bristol. Publ. for Wordsworth and Southey who attended the firm's literary dinners and receptions. Sir Walter Scott mentions their generosity. Undertook many large ventures including Abraham Rees's Cyclopaedia in 45 volumes. Music imprints. Registered press with Thomas Davison 1814. Partners in 1814: Thomas Norton Longman, Thomas Hurst, Owen Rees, Cosmo Orme, Thomas Brown. For fuller details of changes of style see under Thomas Longman II. Brother George q.v., son William (1813-77) partner and successor. Imprint(s): Kress: 1792: B2377; 1794: B2807; 1795: B2970, 3049 1796: B309495, 3209; 1797: B3394, 3483; 1800 (Longman and Rees) B4202-03; Abbey: 1800: (Longman and Rees) AL331. DNB; Todd; Nichols vi, 439; Humphries and Smith.

LONGMATE, Barak I, engraver, Portland Street, Soho 1763M; Noel Street 1774-93. B. 1738, s. of Barak and Elizabeth L., of St. James Westminster; d. 23 July 1793, bur. St. Marylebone. Heraldic and portrait engraver 1763M. Publ. edit. of Collins's Peerage 8 vol. 1779. Another edit. was in preparation at his death. Edited Pocket peerage 1788, 1790. His small library on heraldic subjects was auctioned by Leigh and Sotheby for £235/9/9d 7 Mar. 1794. Westminster Polls 1774: Mo., Ma.; 1784: H., W. Son Barak also heraldic engraver. DNB; Thieme and Becker; Nichols ix, 4; BM Book sales; Musgrave.

LONGMATE, Barak II, engraver, 11, Noel Street 1797L; 41, Berwick Street, Soho 1802H-1805H; 81, Margaret Street, Cavendish Square 1809H-1814; 5, Margaret Street 1830R-1833R+. B. 1768, s. of Barak L. I; d. 25 Feb. 1836. Heraldic engraver. Assisted Nichols and others in topographical works. Succ. father as editor of Pocket peerage. Collected material for a history of Gloucestershire. Prob. related to Henry (Richard) Longmate, engraver, 74, Berwick Street, Soho 1811H-1833R; 77, Berwick Street 1817U; 81, Margaret Street 1816U. Trading: as Henry Longmate 181 lH-1817U; as Henry Richard Longmate 1819R-1833R+. Imprint(s): Abbey: AS25. DNB; Thieme and Becker; Nichols ix, 4.

LORIOT, stationer, 12, Davies Street, Berkeley Square 1785P.

LORIOT, Auguste, stationer, perfumer and toyman, 60, New Bond Street 1794B-1807P; 65, New Bond Street 1808P-1818P. Warrant holder to Prince and Princess of Wales 1802H-1811H. Ran juvenile library 1817U.

LOVEDAY, John, stationer, Fish Street Hill 1763M-1786; Lambeth 1781. D. 7 Sept. 1786. Livery Sta. Co. by 1781. City Poll 1781 L. Musgrave.

LOVEJOY, John, bookbinder, Dean Street, Fetter Lane 1770; Exeter Court, Strand 1782; Plough Court, Fetter Lane 1786; 24, Dean Street, Fetter Lane 1789-1812; Furnival's Inn Court, Holborn 1816. S. of John L. of St Peter, Hanover Square, grocer; d. 1818/9. App. William Cooke 5 July 1763, free Sta. Co. 7 May 1771, livery 6 Nov. 1787, 11 apps., 7 premiums. Prominent in Trade Society affairs c 1780-84. Employer in 1786. Worked mainly for booksellers, especially Charles Dilly. A freemason, one of the first to have masonic tools cut. Eventually became insolvent. Tools taken over by one of his workmen, prob. George Rowley. Howe; Ramsden.

LOVEWELL, Thomas, stationer and papermaker, 158, St. John's Street, West Smithfield 1782K-1787K; 80, Aldersgate Street 1788K-1789K.

LOW, John, bookseller and bookbinder, 2, Red Lion Street, Holborn 1799H-1809H; 1, Gray's Inn Passage, Red Lion Street 1811H-1828R; 14, Little Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields 1830R-1840R. B. c1771; d. after 1813. Joined Benefit Society 1796, left in 1799. Howe; Ramsden.

LOW, Sampson, printer, 91, Wardour Street, Soho c 1790; 7, Berwick Street, Soho 1794B-1799H. D. c1800. 1794-95 2 apps., I premium £20. Succ. Jessington Rozea c1790. Registered press 1799. Mary Ann Low registered press at 7, Berwick Street 1801. Son Sampson (17971886) publisher. Todd; Howe.

LOWE, Mary, bookseller, 21, Pall Mall 1794B; 22, Pall Mall 1795-1799H. Ran circulating library. Bookseller to Queen 1797-99. Hamlyn.

LOWE, William, bookseller, 176, High Holborn 1799H-1805H; 27, Little Bell Alley 1809H-1820R. Publ. cat. 1800. BM Book sales.

LOWNDES and CHRISTIE, printers and stationers, see Charles Lowndes.

LOWNDES, Charles, printer and stationer, 66, Drury Lane 1789A-1804; 17, Marquis Court, Drury Lane 1806-24. Trading: as Lowndes and Christie 1789A-1790U; as Charles Lowndes 1791-1808; as Lowndes and Hobbes 1808-11; as Charles Lowndes 1817-24. Registered presses 1799, 1806. Westminster Poll 1796: F., T. Todd; Brown; J. C. Smith.

LOWNDES, Henry, bookseller, 77, Fleet Street 1797-99; Lambeth 1800. Livery Sta. Co. by 1792. Succ. William Lowndes. Publ. London directories 1797-99. Bankrupt 29 Nov. 1800, superseded 27 Jan. 1801. Imprint(s): Kress: 1797: B3424, 3458. Goss.

LOWNDES, Thomas, bookseller, first house in Exeter Court, Exeter Change 1751; Fleet Street 1756-71; 77, Fleet Street 1772-86. Trading: alone 1751-84; as Thomas and William Lowndes 1784-86. B. 30 Nov. 1719, Cheshire; d. 7 Nov. 1784, bur. St. Bride's. 'Proprietor of circulating library and sells all sorts of plays' 1763M. Issued cats. 1756-84. Uneducated but persevering, he made his fortune. Poss. source of Briggs in Miss gurney's Cecilia In partnership with son for some time before death. Music imprints (Beggar's opera) 1771, 1777. Publ. London directories 1772-86. Imprint(s): Kress: 1779: B178, S4930; 1784: (Thomas and William) B748. Plomer; Timperley 752; Humphries and Smith; Goss; Hamlyn.

LOWNDES, William, bookseller, 77, Fleet Street 1784-91; 76, Fleet Street 1792-96; 38, Bedford Street, Covent Garden 1806P-1822P; no. 28 1811H; no. 58 1813P-1816P. Trading: as Thomas and William Lowndes 1784-86; alone 1786-1822P. Eldest son of Thomas Lowndes. Livery Sta. Co. by 1781. Partner of father for some time before latter's death. Publ. London directories 1784-96. Issued cats. 1785-94. City Polls 1781: C., 1784: A. Son William Thomas L., (d. 1843) bibliographer. Imprint(s): Kress: 1784: (Thomas and William) B748; 1789: (William) B1695, S5254; 1791: B2047-48; Abbey: 1786: AL386. Goss; BM Book sales.

LOWRIE, Thomas, bookbinder, 5, New Inn Passage 1790U. Error for Laurie, Thomas, q.v.

LOWRY, Wilson, engraver, 57, Titchfield Street, Tottenham Court Road 1799H-1824. B. 24 Jan. 1762, Whitehaven, s. of Strickland L., painter; d. 23 June 1824, Great Titchfield Street. At first worked as house painter, then taught engraving by a Worcester engraver named Ross. To London aged 18 with an introduction to Boydell for whom he worked. Especially notable for engravings of architecture and mechanics, he developed aids such as a ruling machine c1790, a machine for elliptical curves c1801 and a machine for perspective drawing 1806. Much of his work was for Rees's Cyclopaedia for which he wrote many shorter articles. Plates for the Journal of the Society of Arts etc. Also interested in surgery, geology and mineralogy. Fellow of the Royal Society 1812. DNB; Thieme and Becker.

LUCAS, William, bookseller, stationer and circulating library, Kensington c1794U; 19, Knightsbridge 1799H; 19, Queen's Row, Knightsbridge 1802H-1805H. Trading: as William Lucas 1799H-1802H; as Mrs. Lucas 1805H.

LUFFMAN, Daniel, engraver, Cock Lane, Smithfield 1790U.

LUFFMAN, John, engraver, printer and publisher, 98, Newgate Street 1776; 85, London Wall 1781; 31, Coleman Street 1784B-1785P; Alfred's Buildings Windmill Street, Finsbury Square 1789-93; 2, Inner Sweetings Alley 1799H-1806; 28, Little Bell Alley Coleman Street 1806-20; 377, Strand n.d. Author, geographer and goldsmith. Produced many maps, plans and books 1776-1820. Bankrupt 12 Mar. 1793, cert. 21 Dec. 1793, div. 1 Mar. 1794. Chubb; BM Satires 1800.

LUKEY, music seller, see Longman, Lukey and Co.

LUKYN and WINBOLT, stationers, see Paul Lukyn.

LUKYN, Paul, stationer and manufacturer of ruled paper and account books, 144, Cheapside 1784B; Mansion House Street 1790U; 48, St. Paul's Churchyard 1792U-1799L. Trading: alone 1784B-1795L; as Lukyn, Winbolt and Co. 1796L-1799L. Succ. by William Winbolt q.v.

LUNAN, bookbinder, Shire Lane 1789. James Perry lodged with him 1789. DNB (sub Perry).

LUNN, William Henry, bookseller, 332, Oxford Street 1797-1801P; 30, Soho Square 1802H-1816P. D. June 1815. In Cambridge 1787-97. Publ. cat. 1791. Succ. Samuel Hayes in Oxford Street Mar. 1797. Publ. cats. 1797-98. Leigh and Sotheby sold his stock 13 Jan. 1802, his duplicates 21 Nov. 1811. Legacy from uncle Rene Labutte of £10,000 probably helped him establish the 'Classical Library' in Soho Square. His lack of success lead to his suicide and his widow and daughters were unable to continue the business as all his property was tied up in it. Plomer (sub. Labutte); Nichols iii, 680; Timperley 859-60; Hamlyn; BM Book sales.

LUXFORD, J., printer, 18 Catherine Street, Strand 1789-90. Succ. William Perryman. Printer of Morning herald 1789-90. Indicted for questioning statements of Gazette regarding Nootka Sound 10 May 1790. Judgement deferred 27 Nov. 1790, sentenced to 12 months in prison, one hour in the pillory and £100 fine 25 Jan. 1791. Succ. by N. Byrne. Werkmeister.

LYDE, Edward, foreign bookseller, Strand 1779K-1796; no. 164 1779K-1780K; 25, Doctors' Commons 1781. Livery Sta. Co. by 1781. City Poll 1781: C.

LYLE, William, vellum binder, 11, Denmark Court, Strand 1799H-1811H.

LYSONS, Daniel, engraver, Mortlake 1784-90; Putney 1790-1800. B. 28 Apr. 1762, Rodmarton; d. 3 Jan. 1834, Hempstead Court. Antiquarian and cleric. Engraved many illustrations to his own works. Brother Samuel. DNB; Thieme and Becker.

LYSONS, Samuel, engraver, at Mr. Goodwin's, 167, Strand 1785-1801. B. 17 May 1763, Rodmarton; d. 29 June 1819, Cirencester. Antiquary and lawyer, keeper of the records at the Tower of London. Exhibited Royal Academy 1785-1801. Fellow of the Society of Arts 1786, Fellow of the Royal Society 1797. Engraved illustrations to his own works and possibly many others. Brother Daniel. Imprint(s): Abbey: 1797: AS143. DNB; Thieme and Becker.

This page last updated 20 Jun 2001
© Ian Maxted, 2001.